State Law CPR/AED Summary

**In 2018, new laws in many states required schools to train students in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) before high school graduation. Is your state one of them?

Laws governing the use of AEDs vary by state with regards to training, registration, AED placement, and physician oversight requirements. All 50 states have laws protecting people who use AEDs in good faith.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

* CA - California passed legislation requiring students enrolled in a health class learn CPR. This legislation covers 89% of the student population.

 

Alabama 

CPR required for high school graduation Began 1984

AEDs are required in every public K-12 school.

 

An AED acquirer or provider must ensure that the device is properly maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's guidelines, and must encourage (but need not require) expected AED users to complete an AED/CPR training course.

 

Provided they act as an ordinary prudent person would under the same circumstances, the following are entitled to immunity from civil liability stemming from the use of an AED: AED users (trained or not); those who acquire AEDs; CPR/AED trainers; and medical professionals involved with AED programs.

 

10th grade public school students enrolled in health classes receive CPR training.

 

All kidney dialysis and transplant centers must have an AED.


 

Alaska 

No state law, but your school or district may offer CPR training.

Check with them for more info.

EMS notification of AED location, maintenance, training, and medical direction are no longer required.

 

Good Samaritan protection extends to the AED provider and user.

 

Immunity from civil liability extends to an AED user (trained or not) who is not grossly negligent.


 

Arizona 

CPR training required for high school graduation. Began 2017-2018  school year.

The owner or acquirer of an AED must enter into an agreement with an in-state licensed physician to provide medical oversight.

 

The owner or acquirer is responsible for assuring the AED is maintained and tested in accordance with the manufacturer's guidelines.

 

Good Samaritan protection is extended to acquirers and rescuers who use an AED in good faith and without compensation.

 

AEDs are required in certain Arizona government buildings.

 

As of July 2019, all high school students shall learn CPR as a requirement of graduation.


 

Arkansas 

CPR training required for high school graduation Began 2014-2015 school year.

A person or entity that acquires an AED shall ensure that expected users be trained in CPR/AED, notify EMS of AED type and location, and ensure that the AED is maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's guidelines.

 

The law provides Good Samaritan immunity for the rescuer and person or entity responsible for AED acquisition or for the location of the AED is located or used. CPR/AED trainers and medical directors are also covered.

 

AEDs are required in health spas and schools.

 

Students in grades 9-12 must take non-certification CPR/AED training.


 

California 

No state law, but your school or district may offer CPR training. Check with them for more info.

Good Samaritan protection is extended to gratuitous good faith rescuers; this immunity also extends to AED trainers and physicians who are involved with the selection, placement, or installation of an AED. No immunity applies, however, in cases of gross negligence or willful or wanton misconduct.

 

A person or entity that acquires an AED is not liable for any civil damages resulting from any acts or omissions in the rendering of emergency care by the use of an AED, if that person or entity has complied with the below requirements.

 

A person or entity that acquires an AED must do all of the following: (A) comply with all regulations governing the placement of an AED; (B) notify an agent of the local EMS agency of the existence, location, and type of AED acquired; (C) ensure that the AED is maintained and tested according to the operation and maintenance guidelines set forth by the manufacturer; (D) ensure that the AED is tested at least biannually and after each use; (E) ensure that an inspection is made of all AEDs on the premises at least every 90 days for potential issues related to operability of the device; (F) ensure that records of the required maintenance and testing are maintained.

 

Additionally, when an AED is placed in a building, building owners shall do all of the following: (A) at least once a year, notify the tenants as to the location of the AED units and provide information to tenants about who they can contact if they want to voluntarily take AED or CPR training; (B) at least once a year, offer a demonstration to at least one person associated with the building so that the person can be walked through how to use an AED properly in an emergency; (C) next to the AED, post instructions, in no less than 14-point type, on how to use the AED.

 

AEDs are required in health clubs and certain high-occupancy buildings constructed after January 1, 2017.

 

AEDs required in existing buildings that are modified, renovated, or tenant improved

 

AEDs are required on commuter rail trains.

 

AEDs are required at all public swimming pools and must be properly maintained and inspected.

 

AEDs must be provided to all athletic trainers and coaches at athletic or campus events, place the AED within 3-5 minutes of an emergency, require at least one AED per public school, and must be properly maintained, and enact an emergency action plan with provisions for sudden cardiac arrest.


 

Colorado

No state law, but your school or district may offer CPR training. Check with them for more info.

A person or entity that acquires an AED must ensure that expected AED users receive training in CPR/AED use. CPR/AED training is also required for all school athletic coaches.

 

Acquirers of AEDs are responsible for providing written plans for AED placement, training, medical oversight, AED maintenance, identification of personnel authorized to use AEDs, and reporting of AED utilization. A Colorado-licensed physician must review and approve these written plans. Additionally, the type and location of the AED must be reported to applicable emergency services.

 

Good Samaritan civil immunity protections apply for a rescuer who in good faith and without compensation renders emergency care by the use of an AED. Civil immunity also applies to the person or entity responsible for the site where the AED is located, provided the AED is maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's guidelines and written records are maintained of this maintenance and testing.

 

Public schools or people who own, operate, or manage a public place are encouraged to place AEDs in sufficient quantities.

 

Dental offices using sedation must have an AED.


 

Connecticut 

CPR training required for high school graduation. Began 2016-2017 school year.

All schools must have an AED, trained staff, and a response plan for sudden cardiac arrest. Colleges with athletic programs must have an AED and at least one person on the athletic staff trained in CPR/AED. College athletic departments must maintain and test this AED in accordance with the manufacturer's guidelines. Golf courses must have an AED.

 

Good Samaritan protection in the form of civil immunity for ordinary negligence is provided for rescuers who voluntarily and gratuitously provide emergency assistance using an AED and for anyone who provides or maintains an AED; this immunity does not extend to gross, willful or wanton negligence. AED/CPR trainers and medical directors are not specifically named.

 

The law does not mandate training, registration, medical oversight, or specific maintenance of AEDs except as described above.

 

CPR training is a required part of the health and safety curriculum of each school district.


 

Delaware 

CPR training required for high school graduation Begins 2014-2015 school year.

Each prospective AED user must have CPR/AED training and each AED must be maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's guidelines.

 

Only semi-automatic AEDs that require the action of an operator to deliver a shock are authorized in Delaware.

 

Good Samaritan protections are extended to AED acquirers, rescuers, trainers, and those who authorize the purchase of the AED.

 

Students in grades 9-12 are required to learn CPR/AED as a condition for graduation.

 

School-appointed coaches in the DIAA are required to be trained in CPR/AED.


 

Florida 

No state law, but your school or district may offer CPR training. Check with them for more info.

AED users are encouraged to obtain training and register with local EMS. Business entities are encouraged to obtain an AED, but there is no requirement to do so.

 

AEDs are required in certain public high schools, and all employees or volunteers who are reasonably expected to use the AED must be trained in CPR/AED. Each such AED must be registered with a local EMS provider.

 

Good Samaritan protection for good faith rescuers. This protection extends to acquirers if the injury is not due to a failure to perform proper maintenance and testing of the AED or a failure to properly train an employee or agent in CPR/AED.

 

AEDs are required in schools, dental offices, and certain assisted living facilities.

 

CPR/First Aid training is encouraged for students starting in Grade 6 and every 2 years after, and must be based on a nationally recognized program.


 

Georgia 

CPR training required for high school graduation Begins 2014-2015 school year.

AED acquirers are responsible for ensuring expected users are trained in CPR/AED and must notify EMS of the AEDs location and type.

 

Medical oversight by a licensed physician is required to ensure proper training, EMS notification, and AED maintenance. The AED must be maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines.

 

Good Samaritan protection from civil liability is extended to rescuers as well as owners or operators who install or provide an AED. This protection is also offered to medical directors of AED programs and CPR/AED trainers.

 

Each public high school in this state which has an interscholastic athletics program must have at least one functional AED on site at all times.

 

All students in grades 9-12 must be trained in CPR/AED, though certification is not required.

Facilities performing conscious or deep sedation, or general anesthesia are required to have a defibrillator on site.


 

Hawaii 

No state law, but your school or district may offer CPR training. Check with them for more info.

No training, medical direction, AED location reporting, or registration requirement.

 

Good Samaritan protections extended to rescuer, AED provider and employees, trainers, and medical directors.


 

Idaho 

CPR training required for high school graduation Begins 2015-2016 school year.

The AED acquirer must ensure that expected users are trained in CPR/AED and that EMS is notified of the type and location of each AED. The AED acquirer must also ensure that the AED is maintained and tested according to the manufacturer’s operational guidelines.

 

If the AED is acquired pursuant to a prescription, any clinical use of the AED must be reported to the prescribing physician, and that physician is immune from civil liability for prescribing the AED.

 

Good Samaritan protection is extended to rescuers and persons or entities who acquire an AED if the manufacturer's maintenance and testing guidelines are followed and if the acts or omissions giving rise to injury do not amount to gross negligence or willful or wanton or reckless misconduct.

 

CPR/AED training as part of a health/wellness class is a requirement for high school graduation.

 

Facilities performing general anesthesia or moderate or deep sedation are required to have an AED on the premises.


 

Illinois 

CPR training required for high school graduation. Began 2015-2016 school year.

An AED acquirer must take reasonable measures to ensure that any person considered to be an anticipated AED user receives CPR/AED training, and must take reasonable measures to ensure the AED is used by only trained users. Such an acquirer must register the AED with an agent of the local EMS system, notifying that agent of the existence, location, and type of the AED.

 

The AED must be maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's guidelines.

 

Good Samaritan protection is extended to gratuitous good faith rescuers. This protection also extends to physicians who authorize the purchase of an AED; AED trainers; and owners, occupiers, and managers of premises where an AED is located.

 

Physical fitness facilities, including outdoor facilities, must have an AED on site and at least one trained AED user on staff during certain activities and events.

 

Dental offices that administer anesthesia or sedation must have an AED on the premises.

 

Licensed horse racing facilities must have at least 2 AEDs on the premises.

 

Each sheriff's office and certain police departments must have an AED on site.

 

The law requires training in CPR/AED to be a part of the secondary school curriculum in the state.

 

Facilities performing moderate or deep sedation or general anesthesia are required to have an AED on the premises.


 

Indiana 

CPR training required for high school graduation. Began 2015-2016 school year.

Good Samaritan protection applies to individuals or businesses that allow an anticipated user to use an AED and to rescuers using the AED, provided the AED is properly registered and maintained, an ambulance is called as soon as practicable after the use of an AED, and the acts or omissions in question do not amount to gross negligence or willful or wanton misconduct.

 

AEDs and CPR/AED-trained employees are required in health clubs.

 

An AED acquirer must ensure that the AED is maintained and tested according to the manufacturer’s operational guidelines and must notify EMS of the AEDs acquisition and location.

 

CPR/AED is a required component of school corporations' and accredited non-public schools' high school curriculum.


 

Iowa 

CPR training required for high school graduation Began 2008

Iowa does not have statutes requiring AED training for expected users. Medical oversight is not mandated.

 

All licensed racing and gaming facilities are required to have an AED and at least one employee trained in CPR/AED and first aid present during all hours of operation.

 

Good Samaritan protections are provided to rescuers and to AED acquirers, owners and location managers if the AED is maintained in a condition for immediate use. Protections are also provided to AED trainers.


 

Kansas 

CPR training required for high school graduation. Began 2016-2017 school year.

Purchasers and other acquirers must notify local EMS of AED location and fill out forms.

 

AED placement in facilities owned or occupied by the state is subject to specific guidelines developed by the secretary of administration and the state highway patrol.

 

Good Samaritan protection is provided for good faith rescuers. An entity that owns or controls an AED is likewise protected if it has developed, implemented and follows guidelines to ensure proper maintenance and operation of the AED.

 

Dental offices using parental conscious sedation are required to have an AED on site.


 

Kentucky 

CPR training required for high school graduation. Begins school year 2016-2017.

An AED acquirer is responsible for ensuring expected AED users receive training, maintaining the AED according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines, notifying EMS of the existence and location of the AED, and establishing a physician-supervised medical oversight program to ensure compliance with training, maintenance, and EMS notification requirements.

 

AED program medical oversight services must be provided by an in-state licensed physician. In-state medical director residency is not required.

 

Good Samaritan protection extends to rescuers (unless personal injury results from the gross negligence or willful or wanton misconduct of the person rendering the emergency care), AED acquirers, the person or entity responsible for the AED site, physicians who oversee the AED program, and CPR/AED trainers.

 

Every public high school must provide CPR/AED training to students as part of the health course or the physical education course that is required for high school graduation.

 

Dentists must have an AED to qualify for an Anesthesia and Sedation Facility Certificate.

 

Every public high school shall provide cardiopulmonary resuscitation training to students as part of the health course or the physical education course that is required for high school graduation or the Junior Reserve Officers Training Corps course that meets the physical education requirement.


 

Louisiana 

CPR training required for high school graduation Began 2014-2015 school year. 

The possessor of an AED is responsible for training expected AED users in CPR/AED; for notifying EMS of the existence and location of the AED; for ensuring the AED is maintained and tested in accordance with the manufacturer's operational guidelines; and for establishing a medical oversight program whereby a physician or an advanced practical nurse ensures the above training, notification, and AED maintenance requirements are met.

 

Good Samaritan protections extend to the purchaser or entity responsible for the AED and its location, as well as expected users, physicians overseeing the AED program, and CPR/AED trainers.

 

An AED is required in physical fitness facilities, as well as high schools and colleges that compete in intramural athletics.

 

Students in grades 9-12 must receive CPR/AED training.


 

Maine 

No state law, but your school or district may offer CPR training. Check with them for more info.

Good Samaritan protection extends civil immunity to rescuers, acquirers, owners, physicians, AED trainers, and anyone responsible for premises on which an AED is located, absent gross negligence or willful or wanton misconduct.

 

Public schools, including charter schools shall offer training to students in middle or high school on how to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation and use automated external defibrillators. Age-appropriate instruction prior to middle school is recommended but not required.

 

School boards may place automated external defibrillators in occupied school buildings and at school athletic events. School personnel and members of the public may receive training on how to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation and use automated external defibrillators in order to acquire the skills and confidence to respond to emergencies.


 

Maryland 

CPR training required for high school graduation Began 2014 school year. 

The law provides for a Public Access AED Program whereby each facility that wishes to make an AED available must become certified by the EMS Board. To qualify for a certificate the facility must comply with written EMS protocols including notification of EMS as soon as possible after using an AED; establishing AED maintenance, placement, operation, reporting, and quality improvement procedures as required by the EMS Board; maintaining each AED and all related equipment and supplies in accordance with the standards established by the device manufacturer and the FDA; and ensuring that expected AED users successfully complete an AED training and refresher course.

 

A registered facility has Good Samaritan protection if it has satisfied the EMS board's requirements (above). An individual rescuer acting in good faith is also protected if the acts or omissions were undertaken in a reasonably prudent manner without compensation. Civil immunity does not extend to acts or omissions rising to the level of gross negligence, willful or wanton misconduct, or intentionally tortious conduct.

 

All swimming pools operated by the counties or municipalities must have a registered AED on the premises and an individual trained in AED use present at each swimming pool.

 

All public schools must have a registered AED on site and an individual trained in AED use present at all school-sponsored athletic events.

 

An in-state licensed physician or regional council AED committee must provide AED program medical oversight services. In-state medical director residency is not required though current knowledge of the state’s EMS system and AED laws and regulations is expressly required.

 

Students entering 9th grade must receive CPR/AED training before graduation.

 

Dental facilities are required to have a defibrillator or an AED.


 

Massachusetts 

No state law, but your school or district may offer CPR training. Check with them for more info.

The possessor of an AED is responsible for training expected AED users in CPR/AED; for notifying EMS of the existence and location of the AED; for ensuring the AED is maintained and tested in accordance with the manufacturer's operational guidelines; and for establishing a medical oversight program whereby an in-state licensed physician (practicing in or adjacent to the emergency medical services region where the AED program is located) ensures the above training, notification, and AED maintenance requirements are met; and for ensuring that EMS is notified after the AED is used.

 

Good Samaritan protection is provided to "AED providers" (individuals who are certified in CPR/AED) who in good faith (and without gross negligence or willful or wanton misconduct) use the AED provided by an AED possessor who has complied with the above legal requirements.

 

Health clubs must have an AED and at least one employee trained in CPR/AED present during business hours.

 

Dentists who administer anesthesia and long-term facilities (e.g. nursing homes) are required to have an AED on site.

 

Effective July 1, 2018: Schools are required to have at least one AED and at least one staff member certified in CPR/AED at each location.


 

Michigan 

CPR training required for high school graduation Began 2017-2018 school year. 

Good Samaritan immunity from civil liability extends to good-faith rescuers; physicians who provide medical authorization for the use of an AED; AED trainers; and any individual or entity that owns, occupies, or manages the premises where an AED is located or used, provided the act or omission does not constitute gross negligence or willful and wanton misconduct.

 

Health clubs must have an AED on the premises and must employ at least one individual trained in CPR/AED.

 

Effective March 29, 2017, all students enrolled in grades 7-12 must be trained in CPR/AED.


 

Minnesota

CPR training required for high school graduation Began 2014-2015 school year.

Good Samaritan protection is extended to those who, without compensation, render emergency care with an AED, unless the person on whom the device is to be used objects, or the rescuer acts in a willful and wanton or reckless manner.

 

Owners of ""public access"" AEDs (AEDs intended to be used or accessed by the public and for their benefit) are required to register the AED with an AED registry within 30 days of acquiring it, ensure that the AED is reasonably maintained, and comply with all manufacturer's recall and safety notices.

 

School students in grades 7-12 are required to be trained in CPR/AED.

 

Dentists who administer anesthesia or sedation must have an AED or full defibrillator on site.


 

Mississippi 

CPR training required for high school graduation. Began 2014 school year.

A Mississippi licensed physician must exercise medical control authority over a person using an AED to ensure compliance with requirements for training, emergency medical services (EMS) notification, and AED maintenance. The person using the AED must be trained in CPR/AED by a nationally recognized course in CPR and AED use. Any person who renders emergency care by using an AED must activate the EMS system as soon as possible, and report any clinical use of the AED to the licensed physician.

 

Good Samaritan protection is extended to good faith rescuers if they act as an ordinary prudent person would have under the same or similar circumstances and if their actions or failure to act do not amount to willful or wanton misconduct or gross negligence. This protection also extends to the physician who authorizes, directs, or supervises the AED program; the owner of the premises on which the AED is used; the AED purchaser; and CPR/AED trainers.

 

AEDs and CPR/AED-trained personnel are mandated in all state gaming facilities.

 

9th-grade students must receive CPR/AED training.

 

All dental offices are required to have an AED or equivalent defibrillator.


 

Missouri 

CPR training required for high school graduation. Began school year 2017-2018.

An AED acquirer is required to ensure that expected users receive CPR/AED training, that the AED is maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines, and that the AED's location is reported to local EMS.

 

An AED owner is also required to have a physician review and approve the clinical protocol for the use of the AED.

 

Good Samaritan protection from civil liability for the use of an AED extends to rescuers, persons responsible for the site where the AED is located, the owner of the AED, and the physician providing medical oversight of the AED program.


 

Montana 

No state law, but your school or district may offer CPR training. Check with them for more info.

The acquirer of an AED must establish a written program for the use of an AED.

 

CPR/AED training is required for each authorized user.

 

The acquirer must also provide for EMS notification of an emergency plan and the AED's location, and for medical oversight and maintenance of the AED.

 

The AED must be maintained, tested, and operated according to manufacturer's guidelines and written records of all maintenance and testing performed on the AED must be maintained.

 

AED program medical oversight services must be provided by an in-state licensed physician. In-state medical director residency is not required.

 

Good Samaritan protection is provided for users and entities in compliance with the above requirements.


 

Nebraska 

No state law, but your school or district may offer CPR training. Check with them for more info.

An AED acquirer must notify local EMS of the existence, location, and type of AED.

 

No person who delivers emergency care or treatment using an AED will be liable in any civil action from rendering such care or treatment in good faith unless the person acted willfully, wantonly, or grossly negligent. This immunity does not apply to health care professionals.


 

Nevada 

CPR training required for high school graduation. Began 2017-2018 school year.  

An employee of a school district, medical facility, or health club that provides an AED who will use an AED must be trained in CPR/AED.

 

A business or organization that has placed an AED for use on its premises has Good Samaritan protection if it complies with all current federal and state regulations governing an AED, ensures that the AED is maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines, and establishes requirements for EMS notification.

 

Good Samaritan protection is offered to any person who gratuitously and in good faith renders emergency medical care involving the use of an AED.

 

AEDs are required at certain airports, high schools, colleges, and government buildings.

 

Middle, junior high, and high school students must receive CPR/AED training if funds are available.


 

New Hampshire 

No state law, but your school or district may offer CPR training. Check with them for more info.

An AED acquirer must require anticipated responders expected to use the AED to receive training in CPR/AED.

 

The owner of an AED must register the AED with the department of safety.

 

Good Samaritan protection from civil liability extends to good faith rescuers and to AED acquirers, unless their acts or omissions were grossly negligent or willful and wanton.

 

Dialysis centers must have an AED.


 

New Jersey 

CPR training required for high school graduation. Began 2014-2015 school year. 

An AED acquirer must ensure that anticipated users are CPR/AED trained prior to any AED use; ensure that the AED is properly maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's guidelines; provide for a medical oversight program; and register the AED with EMS.

 

Good Samaritan protection is extended to good faith rescuers, prescribing licensed physicians, and CPR/AED trainers. Civil immunity is also provided for people and entities that provide or maintain an AED if statutory requirements for training, maintenance, oversight, etc. are followed.

 

AED programs must involve a licensed physician in a protocol review capacity. Neither in-state licensure nor residency are required.

 

AEDs are required in K-12 schools, health clubs, and nursing homes.

 

High school students must receive CPR/AED training before graduation.


 

New Mexico 

CPR training required for high school graduation. Began 2016-2017 school year.

An AED acquirer shall ensure there is a CPR/AED "trained targeted responder" to oversee the AED program; to ensure that the AED is maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's guidelines; and to ensure that the AED is registered with local EMS and the department.

 

An in-state licensed physician is required to provide AED program medical oversight services. In-state medical director residency is not required by the regulations.

 

Good Samaritan protection is extended to rescuers, whether trained or untrained; AED acquirers; AED trainers; "trained targeted responders"; and owners of property where an AED is located, provided statutory requirements for training, maintenance, oversight, etc. are followed, and they do not act with willful, wanton or reckless behavior.

 

Students in grades 8-12 must take a health class with a CPR/AED training component in order to graduate.


 

New York 

CPR training required for high school graduation. Began school year 2015-2016.

An AED provider must notify the regional council of the AEDs location; initiate medical oversight program in compliance with a collaborative agreement with an emergency physician or licensed hospital; and assume responsibility for maintenance and testing of the AED according to the AED manufacturer's operational guidelines.

 

Anticipated AED users must be trained by the AED provider or operator in CPR/AED.

 

Good Samaritan protection is available to the AED user, prescribing physician, AED trainer, provider, and operator of the AED, except in cases of negligence, gross negligence or intentional misconduct.

 

Every school must have AEDs and CPR/AED trained personnel in such numbers so as to ensure ready and appropriate access. AEDs and AED-trained employees must be present at all school sponsored activities and athletic contests at any location.

 

Instructions regarding the correct use of an AED shall be included as a part of the health education curriculum in all senior high schools if that senior high school chooses to include CPR training as part of its curriculum.

 

Beaches and pools with lifeguards are required to have an AED.

 

State buildings must provide and maintain a sufficient number of AEDs and trained AED operators for emergencies.


 

North Carolina 

CPR training required for high school graduation. Began 2014-2015 school year.

Good Samaritan immunity from civil liability is provided to good faith rescuers who use AEDs in emergency situations; to AED trainers; to the person responsible for the site where the AED is located when that person has provided for an AED training program; and to any physician who prescribes an AED.

 

The seller of an AED must notify EMS of the AEDs location and type.

 

High school students must receive CPR training before graduation.

 

Dental facilities which administer sedation must have an AED on site.


 

North Dakota 

CPR training required for high school graduation. Began school year 2015-2016.

An AED acquirer must provide CPR/AED training to expected users; maintain and test the AED according to the manufacturer's guidelines; develop an AED use policy that involves a directive to contact EMS as soon as possible after using an AED; and consult with a physician regarding all of the above.

 

Good Samaritan immunity from civil liability is available for rescuers who act as an ordinary, reasonable, prudent person would act under the same or similar circumstances. Immunity is also available to the physician overseeing the AED program; AED trainers; and the person responsible for the site on which the AED is located.

 

The superintendent of public instruction must purchase AEDs and distribute them to school districts in the state for placement in schools or at the site of school-related activities.


 

Ohio 

CPR training required for high school graduation. Began school year 2015-2016.

The law allows anyone, trained or not, to use an AED.

 

Possessors of AEDs must encourage potential users to complete approved CPR/AED training.

 

The AED must be properly maintained and tested following the manufacturer's guidelines.

 

The law grants qualified immunity from civil liability to those who: install or place AEDs; design CPR and AED programs; acquire an AED; have responsibility for locations with an AED; or who is a licensed physician who prescribes an AED.

 

The law recommends, but does not require, AED owners to notify local EMS of the location of the AED.

 

Students grade 9 - 12 must receive CPR/AED training as a prerequisite to graduation.

 

Employees of each school district must be trained in CPR/AED, and high school students must receive CPR/AED training.


 

Oklahoma 

CPR training required for high school graduation Began 2015-2016 school year.

The possessor of an AED must notify EMS of the location of the AED.

 

Good Samaritan protection from civil liability is extended (except for acts of gross negligence or willful or wanton misconduct in the use of the AED) to rescuers; entities or persons who own, lease, possess or control AEDs; CPR/AED trainers; and physicians who prescribe AEDs.

 

Public schools are required to have an AED, funding permitting.

 

Students in public high schools must receive CPR/AED training at least once before graduating.


 

Oregon 

CPR training required for high school graduation. Began school year 2015-2016.

Each student in grades 7-12 must be trained in CPR/AED as part of the health education curriculum or physical education curriculum.

 

AEDs are required to be easily accessible and well maintained in health clubs, schools, colleges, large occupancy environments, pools, and camps.

 

Dental facilities where anesthesia is used must have at least one AED

 

Good Samaritan protection is extended to rescuers, AED acquirers, AED trainers, and physicians who prescribe an AED, unless they acted with gross negligence or with reckless, wanton or intentional misconduct.


 

Pennsylvania 

CPR training required for high school graduation. Began 2019-2020 school year. 

Good Samaritan protection is extended to any person who in good faith acquires and maintains an AED or uses an AED in an emergency unless acts or omissions intentionally designed to harm or any grossly negligent acts or omissions result in harm to the individual receiving the AED treatment.

 

An AED acquirer must (1) ensure that expected AED users receive training; (2) maintain and test the AED according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines; (3) instruct AED users to immediately contact EMS in an emergency; and (4) provide EMS personnel with information as requested.

 

AEDs are required at health clubs that offer services during non-staffed hours (in lieu of an employee trained in CPR/AED who must otherwise be present).

 

Coal mine operators are required to provide an AED on the surface in close proximity to the mine entry and in each working section. Mine personnel shall receive yearly training in the operation of the AED. The AED must be maintained and inspected according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines. Good Samaritan protections apply to miners who render care with an AED.


 

Rhode Island 

CPR training required for high school graduation. Began 2013

Registered health clubs must have at least one AED and one employee trained in CPR/AED on the premises.

 

Effective August 1, 2017, all middle and high schools must provide and maintain AEDs on site.

 

Good Samaritan protection from liability for ordinary negligence (but not for gross, willful, or wanton negligence) is extended to rescuers who have received CPR/AED training; this protection also extends to the owners of the AED, the owner or lessor of the property where the emergency care is rendered, and CPR/AED trainers. Untrained users may not be entitled to immunity from liability.

 

All high school students must be trained in CPR/AED prior to graduation.

 

Facilities capable of holding 300 or more people shall have an AED on the premises. This includes educational facilities, government and public buildings, restaurants, retail establishments, malls, sports arenas, theaters, and more.


 

South Carolina 

CPR training required for high school graduation. Began 2017-2018 school year. 

A person or entity that acquires an AED must: require "designated AED users" be trained in CPR/AED; maintain and test the AED according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines and keep written records of the maintenance and testing; and employ a healthcare professional to serve as AED liaison and establish a medical oversight plan which includes CPR /AED training, AED protocol, AED deployment strategies, and an AED equipment maintenance plan.

 

AED programs must utilize a licensed physician, surgeon, physician’s assistant, nurse practitioner or nurse as an “AED liaison” to provide medical oversight services. Neither in-state licensure nor residency are required.

 

Good Samaritan protection extends to AED trainers, rescuers, and acquirers who meet the above requirements.

 

AEDs must be placed in high schools, and all expected users must be trained in CPR/AED. Additionally, all students in grades 9-12 must be trained in CPR/AED.


 

South Dakota 

CPR training required for high school graduation. Began 2017-2018 school year.

Good Samaritan protection is extended to good faith acquirers, rescuers, and AED trainers, provided the injury does not arise from gross negligence or willful or wanton misconduct.

 

High school curriculum must include training for CPR & AED.

 

Dental facilities using general anesthesia or deep sedation must have an AED on site.


 

Tennessee 

CPR training required for high school graduation. Began 2012

AED acquirers must ensure that expected users receive CPR/AED training.

 

The acquirer must maintain, test, and operate the AED according to the manufacturer's guidelines and maintain written records of all maintenance and testing performed on the AED.

 

AED program medical oversight services must be provided by an in-state licensed physician. In-state medical director residency is not required.

 

The AED acquirer must establish a written AED program to include AED placement, authorized users, EMS coordination, AED maintenance and testing records that will be kept by the program and reports of AED use, and must also notify EMS of the location of the AED.

 

The placement of the AED must be supervised and endorsed by a licensed physician.

 

Good Samaritan protection is extended, except in cases of gross negligence, to rescuers, AED trainers, and AED acquirers if conditions of acquisition and compliance are met.

 

The state board of education may provide for a program of instruction in CPR/AED to be taken once in junior or senior high schools.

 

All public schools are required to have at least one AED placed within the school. All requirements of having AEDs must be followed or may lose Good Samaritan protection: maintenance, training, medical direction, placement, EMS activation, post-event reporting, program documentation.

 

Optometrists who use local anesthetics are required to have an AED in the office.

 

Dental offices using conscious or deep sedation or general anesthesia must have a defibrillator on the premises.


 

Texas 

CPR training required for high school graduation Began 2014-2015 school year.

An AED acquirer is responsible for ensuring that AED users receive training in CPR/AED and for notifying local EMS of the existence, location, and type of AED.

The owner or lessee of an AED is responsible for maintenance and testing of the AED according to the manufacturer's guidelines.

Good Samaritan protection is extended to good faith users, AED trainers, and AED-prescribing physicians as well as to AED acquirers, owners, and lessees who are in compliance with code requirements.

At least one AED is required on each school campus and, for any gathering of a substantial number of students, the AED and an employee trained in AED must be readily available.

At least one AED is required at each dental office, nursing home, convalescent facility, and pediatric extended care facilities, and at least one employee trained in CPR/AED must be on site.

Students must receive CPR training once in grades 7-12.

Nursing Facilities are required to have at least one AED and CPR/AED trained staff member on each floor and in each building. Physician oversight is required in nursing homes.


 

Utah 

CPR training required for high school graduation Began 2014-2015 school year.

A person who owns or leases an AED shall encourage each person who is likely to use the AED to complete courses on CPR/AED, but a rescuer is not required to be trained.

 

The seller of an AED shall notify the buyer in writing of the EMS reporting requirements.

 

The AED owner or lessee shall notify EMS of the location of the AED.

 

Good Samaritan protection from civil liability is extended to good faith rescuers, AED acquirers, the owner or manager of the premises where the AED is located, CPR/AED trainers, and physicians who oversee the AED program or provide prescriptions for AEDs, provided the person acts as an ordinary, reasonably prudent person would have acted under the same circumstances.


 

Vermont 

CPR training required for high school graduation Began 2012.

Each AED must be properly maintained and tested following manufacturer's guidelines.

 

The acquirer of an AED must notify the State Department of Health and local EMS of the type and location of AED.

 

Good Samaritan protection is extended to rescuers, acquirers, trainers, and persons responsible for the location of the AED.


 

Virginia 

CPR training required for high school graduation Began 2016-2017 school year.

Good Samaritan protection from civil liability is extended to good faith rescuers, AED acquirers, those who own or manage the property on which an AED is located, AED trainers, and physicians who supervise AEDs.

 

Each high school student must be trained in CPR/AED prior to graduation.

 

Dental offices which provide deep sedation/general anesthesia must have an AED on site.


 

Washington 

CPR training required for high school graduation. Began 2014-2015 school year.

An AED acquirer must ensure expected users receive CPR/AED training, maintain and test the AED according to the manufacturer's guidelines, notify EMS of the location of the AED, and provide for a licensed physician medical direction of the AED program.

An AED/defibrillator is required in all dental offices that administer anesthesia or sedatives. Good Samaritan protection from civil immunity is provided for rescuers, as well as for "all other persons and entities providing services under this section" (so likely AED acquirers and physicians directing AED programs as well).

School districts must provide CPR/AED training to all high school students prior to graduation.


 

West Virginia 

CPR training required for high school graduation. Began school year 2015-2016.

The acquirer of an AED must ensure that anticipated users of the AED are trained in CPR/AED; must register the AED program with EMS and notify EMS of the AEDs location; must appoint a licensed physician medical director to oversee the AED program (in-state medical director residency is not required); and must maintain and test the AED according to the manufacturer's guidelines and keep written records of the maintenance and testing.

 

Good Samaritan protection is extended to untrained rescuers as well as those who are in compliance with the above registration and training law.

 

All students must be instructed in CPR prior to high school graduation: the required CPR training may, but is not required to, include training in the use of an AED.

 

All mobile dental facilities are required to have an AED if Class 2, 3 or 4 anesthesia is used.

 

All quarries/coal mines must have first aid equipment including an AED.


 

Wisconsin 

CPR training required for high school graduation. Begins 2017-2018 school year. 

Good Samaritan protection is extended to rescuers, owners, and AED trainers. This protection is also extended to the AED provider if the AED has been properly maintained and tested in accordance with manufacturer's guidelines.

 

A health club must employ and have available at least one employee who is CPR/AED trained.

 

High school students must receive CPR/AED training.


 

Wyoming 

No state law, but your school or district may offer CPR training. Check with them for more info.

AED possessors must (i) obtain appropriate CPR/AED training and receive refresher training every two years; (ii) ensure the AED is maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's guidelines; and (iii) notify EMS of the existence, location, and type of AED.

 

The person responsible for the site where the AED is located is granted immunity from civil liability for any acts (that do not amount to willful or wanton misconduct or gross negligence) if that person complies with the training, registration, and notification requirements above.

 

Good Samaritan protection is extended to rescuers, physicians who prescribe AEDs, AED trainers, and AED possessors who comply with training, maintenance, and testing, and EMS notification requirements.

 

Dental offices which administer minimal sedation must have an AED on site.

 

S.T.L. Emergency Skills Training makes every attempt to ensure the accuracy of our research regarding automated external defibrillator (AED) unit laws in each state across the country, however, with laws varying from state-to-state and even on a local basis, as you might imagine, staying abreast of constant changes is a very challenging process. As such, it's important to note that our findings should be used for informational purposes only and that any specific AED laws or AED requirements for your AED program should be developed between you and your legal counsel. If you have any suggestions, information, or tips on new or pending AED unit legislation that you feel might help improve our AED requirement pages, please contact us at admin@stlemergencytraining.com to let us know! By spreading knowledge about how to build and manage legally compliant AED programs, we hope to improve survival rates from sudden cardiac arrest.

 © 2019 by S.T.L. Emergency Skills Training LLC., All Rights Reserved 

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